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Questions tagged [beam]

Questions about the theory and applications of structural elements designed to resist bending.

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Which container orientation, if any, can hold more weight?

These are cross sections of identical shipping containers, except one is rotated 45 degrees. The cross sections are squares, 3 meters to a side. I drew dashed lines to show where they're suspended by ...
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1answer
26 views

Neutral axis in canteliver beam at support

First, I thought the neutral axis would just be the y bar which can be obtained from the centroid of the cross-section but is different. I have tried letting the net moment at the wall = 0 and the ...
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20 views

Can we have flange (T Beam) Reinforced Concrete with double reinforcement?

Can we have a T concrete Beam with double reinforcement, or the reinforcement must be just located at the bottom of Beam? (considering we have a positive moment) If Mu > ∅Mn, T Beam must be double ...
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1answer
62 views

Should one use multiple elements through the thickness with multiple materials?

To get realistic results from a FEM calculation, it is common (or so I've been taught by someone who may not be up to date) to use at least four or five elements through the thickness of a beam or ...
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23 views

How to add Beam cross section properties to imported mesh in Ansys?

Ansys Workbench 17.1 I have a mesh that was imported from Abaqus into Ansys but the beam cross section data is missing. As a result the structural model omits the beam elements. How do I access the ...
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2answers
77 views

Deflection of a cantilever beam composed of separate (not bonded) planks

In the case of a simple cantilever beam having a uniform shape and being loaded at its end - the calculation of the deflection at any point along the beam is well known. What happens if we split it ...
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2answers
26 views

Is is possible to use singularity function to expresse the horizontal forces ?

I know how to translate torques and vertical forces into singularity functions, but may i also express the horizontal forces with singular function? if yes then what would be that expression? Here ...
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1answer
52 views

Shear forces along a beam using singularity functions

$\newcommand{\a}[1]{\langle#1\rangle}$ As you can see, the left end of the beam is fixed, and a distributed load is applied to the beam. I calculated the shear forces by conventional means, but when I ...
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1answer
54 views

Bending equation and max deflection of UDL and multiple point loads

I have a beam, simply supported with 2 points loads and 2 UDLs. The loads are symmetric about the centre of the beam. I've tried to derive an expression for the moment along the beam and then via 2 ...
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2answers
30 views

Loadcell / strain gauge sizing for a joist

I am looking to use some load cells (foil based type) to detect presence for home automation within in a room. I was looking to mount some loadcells to the joists for the floor (UK Based house so ...
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2answers
43 views

What exactly is the thin wall assumption in regards to beam cross sections?

What does it mean with respect to calculating stresses on a beam undergoing loading and when should it be applied?
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1answer
42 views

Timoshenko Beam Theory for Quasistatic Cantilever Beam: Shear Term

I'm trying to determine the effect of shearing force on the deflection of a quasistatic cantilever beam. In his book, Theory of Elasticity, Timoshenko added the following term to the deflection: $$\...
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2answers
33 views

How to find a beam for my (simple) application

I have a spanof 9m that I bridge with a (as yet unspecified) beam. From this beam hangs a load (a pipeline), right in the middle, of 4.295 kN. The beam is simply supported. I want to use an IPE steel ...
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2answers
57 views

Ceiling mounted punching bag without compromising structure or floor above

This question is regarding the safest way of installing a heavy punching bag of 100 lbs from the basement ceiling. Above the basement ceiling is a wood floor. The goal is to sleep soundly at night ...
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1answer
47 views

How does the superposition principle relate to Bernoulli-Euler and Timoshenko beam theory? [closed]

I have a shaft with a bearing in each end, and a large eccentric mass covering the entire "free length" of the shaft. The attachment of the eccentric mass is done using heat shrinking. Without ...
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3answers
188 views

Transfering moment through internal hinge

My professor says, the internal hinge can not transfer moment: But can we calculate $\Sigma M_A=0$ for whole beam ( without cutting it or something) this way?: $\Sigma M_A=0 ===\Rightarrow M_A+(D_y ...
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1answer
49 views

Base Support for a Tree house

I am building a tree house in my backyard and it is going to be relatively simple. There are no parts that require drilling into the tree. The whole house is propped up by four 4x4 wood supports. I'm ...
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3answers
63 views

Natural frequencies of an orthotropic bending beam with circular cross-section

I am trying to find an expression for the natural frequencies of an orthotropic bending beam with a circular cross-section. I have tried searching for some literature on this, but have so far been ...
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2answers
220 views

Multiple Varying cross section beam deflection

How do we calculate the deflection of a cantilever with two or three cross-sections, and different forces acting at the end of each section?
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1answer
53 views

Beam Span for Outdoor Shelter [closed]

I'm building an outdoor shelter and I'm wondering what would be: The maximum beam span for the type of wood/material used such it can support the roof weight and not sag in the middle, Suggestions on ...
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1answer
112 views

Skewing of joints using virtual work

Given ist the following framework: $$E=210 \frac{\text{kN}}{\text{mm}^2}$$ $$ EA \to \infty $$ $$ I_1 = 80000\text{cm}^4 $$ $$ \frac{I_1}{I_2} = \frac{3}{4} $$ $$ I_3=I_1 $$ Using the principle of ...
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2answers
68 views

Engineering mechanics(statics) [closed]

I don’t get how to get the answer to part e. Should we assume reactions at A and B in all three figures are same? If so, why?
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Determining Elastic Equation of Beam with Linearly Distributed Load

I'm trying to solve this question, but I'm not sure where to start. Typically, to solve this type of problem, I would find the vertical support reaction at R $\left(\dfrac{w_0 L}{24}\right)$, then ...
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2answers
284 views

Beam deformation under trapezoidal load

Can somebody help me find the equation for the deformation of a simply supported beam under trapezoidal load (with intensity Q1 and Q2, at starting point X1 and end point X2)? I am trying to find it ...
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0answers
302 views

Equivalent spring of beam supported by springs

My professor gave us yesterday a problem to calculate the equivalent spring of the system shown in the attached figure. The problem: a cantilever beam supported by two springs $k_1$ and $k_2$ located ...
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3answers
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Support columns inside metal tubing

Does structural metal tubing (e.g., either as HSS, or in space frames, or even motorcycle/bicycle frames) ever come with any small metal rods or columns inside of the tubing itself? While it might ...
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0answers
337 views

Simply Supported beam with multiple point loads and distributed load [closed]

How can I solve this problem using FEM (longhand calculation)? I want to find deflections at each load point. This is not a homework problem. This is related to a project that I and my brother is ...
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1answer
555 views

Transfer of moments in beams with internal hinges

We have a beam with 1 internal hinge just like the picture. We know the internal hinge can not transfer moments between AB and BD. We know the 30 kN force makes some moments on BD & AB. If B (...
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1answer
64 views

Why are steel I-beams mostly symmetrical?

From what I understand most types of steel are strong both in tension and compression, yet they are still usually significantly stronger in tension. Suppose a common I-beam supported on both ends and ...
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2answers
496 views

Are the points of inflection and contraflexure the same?

In theory of bending of beams, often these terms are used. There are no clear definition present. Most of them contradicting. Which of the property(bending moment and shear force) is zero in which ...
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1answer
78 views

How to deal with inverse distributed load ramp starts and ends somewhere along the beam?

I know how to solve it by moment line methode but i want to use singularity function here and i'm very confused. My strategy consist of writing the correspond singularity function for each element but ...
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3answers
63 views

Why in the construction of power transmission towers , the rods are hinged oblique? [closed]

I know if a rod is hinged at its two ends and if there is no load act upon it along its length then the forces exist only along its length but i don't see how this characteristic comes into play ?
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How to design a shelving unit out of McMaster Carr Struts? [closed]

I apologize for the complete beginner question. I'm an Undergraduate Research Assistant trying to design a shelving 8'tall by 10' Long, 4' wide shelving unit to support about 200 lbs. I'm designing ...
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0answers
279 views

Differentiate between rectangular beam and flange beam

How to differentiate between rectangular beam and flange beam ??? In the question below , the answer provided is flange beam , I'm wondering can i design it as rectangular beam Since there's no clue ...
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1answer
86 views

Deformation of two perpendicular beams with parabolic properties

I want to calculate the deformation of the following structure: I have numbered the vertical beam 1 and the horzontal beam 2. The hight of beam 2 is given by: $h(x)=h\sqrt{1-x/L_2}$ So I thought I ...
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0answers
48 views

Plate bending boundary conditions

A plate with length 2L is placed on supports at x = L/2 and x = - L/2. The plate is deforming elastically under its own weight (maximum displacement bowing up at x = $0$). Both ends of the plate are ...
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4answers
71 views

Moment and Torque at a Single Point

As far as I know, moments/torques occur when forces applied are not in line. However, I often see moments/torques being applied at a single point in free body diagrams. How can moment/torque be ...
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2answers
2k views

how to solve internal hinge problem with loading given on hinge [closed]

how to solve internal hinge problem with loading given on hinge
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1answer
273 views

Why are the support reactions of the two pin-connected members different?

Can someone please explain why the support at C does not have a vertical reaction force while the support at E has? Doesn't the support at C have the same kind of pin connection as the support at E?
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How can I use the bending stiffness of corrugated cardboard to determine maximum stacking heights of pallets loaded with glass bottles?

I am doing a project at the moment which involves improving the packaging operation at work. Right now I am looking at ways to improve packaging selection based on engineering principles, rather than ...
3
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1answer
55 views

Is there a need to consider the moment generated by horizontal water pressure in a pool?

Suppose there's a pool which is supported by 4 beams (Perimeter beams)and 4 columns. When designing the beam should we consider the moment generated due to the horizontal water pressure? (I'm using ...
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1answer
86 views

Structural engineering: Would I need a beam for this? [closed]

If I was designing a simple gabled house with a 21 ft vaulted ceiling as the peak of the roof, and the house was about 32 ft x 40 ft with no load bearing walls (other than the 4 exterior walls)... ...
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1answer
723 views

Reinforcing beam and slab with correct steel bar structure

This question might look silly. I am not knowing the correct engineering terms to use in this question. I am trying to explain using the words what I know in English. We have been hired some ...
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0answers
39 views

Beam stiffness matrix with sliding end release in arbitrary angle

I know how to get the stiffness matrix of a beam with any type of end releases (hinges and rollers) by applying Guyan reduction (static condensation) to the beam stiffness matrix in local axes. ...
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2answers
806 views

Round beam deflection under its own weight

I'm trying to calculate how much simply-supported round beams of several materials and diameters deflect under their own weight plus an additional weight in the middle. I know the material densities ...
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2answers
126 views

How to analyse a beam considering P-delta effect?

I want to do some analysis of an axially loaded simply supported beam considering P-delta effect. I set up a non-linear load case and apply axial load to it. Subsequent analysis of live load and dead ...
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2answers
429 views

What is the bending moment formula for continuously supported beam of equal span?

Is there a standard chart in Eurocode for the maximum and minimum bending moment in uniformly loaded beam for indeterminate structures where we can use directly? Many textbooks give different ...
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1answer
53 views

Wing as cantilever beam (beam-rod) model for aeroelasticity fluttering analysis

I recently bumbped into a rather basic but interesting question on aeroelasticity. I've learned to derive the fluttering critical speed from Pines's theory but it involves some spring stiffness like ...
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1answer
47 views

How to find maximum acceptable deflection?

I have a beam. I have its Young's modulus. I don't have its maximum acceptable deflection. How can I determine the maximum acceptable deflection without breaking the beam?
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108 views

Longitudinal impact of steel rod on a steel plate to verify the contact duration

So I'm doing an experiment to verify the contact duration when a steel rod (Material: Mild Steel) is allowed to free fall longitudinally on a steel plate. The arrangement is real simple: The rod is ...