Questions tagged [automotive-engineering]

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How does polygonal effect affect the effect of angular synchronization in car engines' timing train drive?

Is a regular roller train drive used in most car engine's timing chain drive? If so, wouldn't the polygonal effect affect the accuracy of strict angular synchronization between the camshafts and the ...
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1answer
30 views

Effect of Pressure on Combustion efficiency (of hydrogen) in excess air

Can somebody explain relation between combustion efficiency and pressure in lean mixtures using any kind of chart or mathematical equations? At first glance I thought, combustion efficiency increases ...
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27 views

Is there some temperature at which all “5w” oils should have about the same viscosity?

Is there some temperature at which all "5w" motor oils should have about the same viscosity? (5w-20, 5w-30, 5w-40, 5w-50, etc.) I am looking for SAE or ASTM wording or chart that says it straight ...
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29 views

Calculate Engine Oil Pressure

Hello iam curious as to how you would calculate engine oil pressure for a engine.I've noticed on my car i just got, it uses a pressure switch in the oil system to measure engine oil pressure it seems ...
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3answers
58 views

Will electroplating a ventilated brake rotor with copper improve its cooling capacity and maximum its lifespan?

Since copper is excellent at dissipating heat and does not rust, I am surprised that brake manufacturers do not electroplate cast iron/steel brake rotors with a thin layer of copper (~.5mm). There are ...
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1answer
68 views

Ackerman steering

I'm designing a steering mechanism following the Ackerman principle. I've met the condition that my steering arms' normal projections must cross in the middle of the rear axle however when I do a turn ...
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1answer
19 views

Is a starter relay needed to supply the current to the starter motor solenoid?

Considering the fact that the starter solenoid needs a maximum of 50 Amps initially (in order for the pinion gear to engage to the flywheel through the plunger and lever) and then some 8 Amps during ...
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1answer
27 views

Is starter motor running if I hold the ignition switch at the START position?

Suppose that the engine cranking has been successful but I keep holding the ignition switch at the START position instead of releasing the switch to go at the RUN position. Does this mean that the ...
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1answer
40 views

Power transmission via a SHAFT

Recently in the class of MACHINE DESIGN our teacher gave us a Homework to find out: Whether or not a single SHAFT can operate at two different magnitudes of TORQUE? The actual question by our ...
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Bike wheel sizes

I was passing by a row of motorbikes and mopeds yesterday, and noticed they all have really small radius wheels compared to bicycles. Not all motorbikes are equal (some motorbikes are literally ...
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44 views

Car dc starter motor-starting resistor

Does a car starter motor use a starting resistor to limit the high starting current? What is the type of connection between field coil and armature? Series, parallel or mixed?
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80 views

Would an aeronautics-type air brake be an effective means to help bring a car to a stop? [closed]

If an automobile was to deploy an aeronautics-type air brake every time the brake pedal is used, would this be an effective means to reduce wear and tear on the car's brake rotors and pads? I think ...
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1answer
32 views

Pacejka “Magic Formula” tire models origin of the name

It might be a little off topic but I'm trying to find source for why is that model called magic formula? I read that it's a simple function of commonplace functions, a data fitting. Is it simply an ...
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2answers
37 views

Pivoting trailer gate on multiple axes

I am currently trying to design a rear gate to retrofit to an existing caged trailer (similar to image 3), with the goal of having a system where the rear gate can pivot down (on its bottom edge) to ...
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1answer
29 views

Working of spider gear in differential axle wheel mechanism

What causes the spider gear to spin about it's own axis while the vehicle is taking a turn?
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1answer
48 views

What are the non-practical features of a sterling engine that cause the internal combustion engine to be used instead?

What are the non-practical features of a sterling engine that cause the internal combustion engine to be used instead (in a car)? (e.g. price, size, the power to weight ratio, etc.) Can you name any ...
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1answer
16 views

Calculate exhaust with expansion chamber muffler

I have a book with the formulas to calculate the length of engine exhaust pipe, but these formulas don't take into account the muffler. If I add an expansion chamber, how the calculated length change?
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PLEASE ANSWER Sterling vs Combustion Engine

This may be difficult to answer but, theoretically, if you had a car with a sterling engine that produces say approximately 300 horsepower how much of any specific heat source would need to be used if ...
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1answer
35 views

Calculate Rolling Resistance Experimentally

I am trying to calculate the exact rolling resistance ($F_{rr}$) of my car. The approach I am going with is a coastdown test at a low speed so no drag slows down the car. From there I am going to ...
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2answers
80 views

How can batteries in electric/hybrid cars charge at such a high rate?

If I were to look at "normal" batteries online, they often have charging C-rates of less than 1. However, with a car that uses regenerative braking, obviously such a low charging rate would not be ...
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41 views

How much power could a turbocharger generate?

I can find many figures online for the extra power generated when a turbo is fitted to an engine. However, I can't find any figures on how much energy the turbocharger turbine actually takes out of ...
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2answers
108 views

Why do 2-stroke engines burn more oil?

Of course, most 2-stroke engines require oil to be mixed with the fuel (I appreciate there are 2-stroke engines that don't require this). Therefore, it makes sense to me that oil will be burnt during ...
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2answers
50 views

4-stroke vs. 2-stroke rpm

Of course, this is not true for all engines (after all the pre-2014 F1 engines were 4-stroke and were rpm limited to 18,000 rpm). However, from my experience, 2-stroke engines tend to run at a higher ...
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3answers
972 views

Is it true that four-wheel drive is less efficient and if so, why?

I have heard many times that four-wheel drive is less efficient than two-wheel drive. Many car producers have a normal drive mode where only two wheels are powered, and turn the four-wheel drive on ...
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1answer
28 views

How do drag and downforce in a rear spoiler of a car vary with angle of attack?

I ran an two aerodynamic simulations, one for a spoiler angle of 0 deg and the other for the same spoiler declined at 30 deg. The results showed a considerable increase in downforce, but only a slight ...
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1answer
23 views

multi parts step files

first of all i am must say that i don't know much about cad systems . i am a software developer and i was given a task to make a webgl application that show some products in 3d . the product is ...
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Name of protocol used to communicate with Fuelling Station Dispensors

I am trying to figure out the actual (Range of ) communication protocols used to communicate with Fuel Dispensers at fuel retail outlets. I see them write 2-wire protocol which is not specific as ...
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39 views

12v relay to open and an close switch without sending power to switch

Sorry if this is elementary but here's what I need. I'm trying to power a relay via 12v DC (vehicle) to open a closed switch while the 12v power is sent to the relay. Essentially, when the blinkers ...
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0answers
38 views

Would an afterburner on a turbine drastically improve acceleration lag?

A little bit of context. My friends and I were watching the "Dark Knight Rises" and a discussion about the Batmobiles ensued. I, being a former ME student, said it was stupid that batman has a turbine ...
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1answer
36 views

Reverse vs Drive When Slipping Backwards

I was trying to drive up an icy hill with a front-wheel-drive car (2006 Honda Civic Hybrid) when the front tires lost traction and the car started to slide backwards. The car then easily spun sideways ...
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2answers
18 views

Over torquing two different materials

What happens when you over torque a joint comprising of two different materials ? Will the corresponding material wear make the joint leak proof ?
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1answer
29 views

Which material index should be maximized for a component in a Car's manual type HVAC?

I was doing a case study on the plastic used in cars for controlling the AC in a manual type system which actually snapped in mine it just rotates according to the knob position in the dashboard, ...
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0answers
27 views

Planetary Gearset for Power steering

I am trying to create a power steering system for a go-kart project. In order to switch off between remote control and human control, I plan on implementing a power steering system with a planetary ...
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2answers
45 views

Material for car mounted fire extinguisher bracket

Don't try this at home. I am taking personal responsibility for what happens in my car. Hi all, I recently purchased a fire extinguisher for my car (it weighs 1.5 lbs or 0.68 kg). I browsed the ...
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1answer
24 views

Camera and light frequency rate

I recently became curious why some lights flicker in some videos, and I read some explanation about it, and I still have some questions. 1. Does every light have to have a frequency? can it have an ...
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2answers
177 views

Passing by a semi truck on a highway

So I’m driving down the highway in my sedan on a speed of lets say 60 mph. Why is it that my car sways just before it passes or it passes me? Almost always where the semis first tire is (closest to ...
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1answer
76 views

Must MSA (Measurement System Analysis) be re-performed after annual instrument calibration?

I'm working in an automotive company that must follow IATF (International Automotive Task Force) requirements. I administrate a test-bench that performs RF (radio frequency) tests using an ...
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1answer
79 views

Calculating the Braking Energy of a vehicle

you might find my question stupid. I am unfortunately not an engineer and didn't find the answer on google. I want to calculate the braking energy of a vehicle decelerating from v2 to v1 (km/h). ...
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2answers
41 views

Where the Water Have Gone from Engine from a Combustion Process (C8H18+12.5O2==>8CO2+9H2O)?

During studying engine's exhaust as I asked here, I have to go far. The thing I though is quite simple, the fact is complicated. Thence I knew that there is water produced in combustion process. The ...
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2answers
58 views

What is the Meaning of To Warm Up an Engine?

I have both car and motorbike. Just common car and motorbike. My car is Toyota 2005, and my motorbike is Honda 2016, I bough both brand new. Both them are fuel injection. Before them, I owned car and ...
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1answer
296 views

How to Understand the Relation of Compression Ratio and the Octane Number?

In my country are sold gas with different octane number (RON: Research Octane Number): 88, 90, 92, 95, 97, 98, and the latest is 100. RON-88 is still sold since still many old cars, motor bike, and ...
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1answer
50 views

How to calculate the output power of engine exhaust

Apologize if probably this is duplicate question. But I have tried to search if someone have asked such this question. I have a Honda engine, GX200, 196cc, with it's gross power is 6.5HP. I would ...
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1answer
39 views

Why to compress the hydrogen + air mixture in Hydrogen ICE engines when combustion efficiency of hydrogen at 1 atm is already high?

ICE Engines are designed to burn the fuel and air mixtures at high pressures to increase the combustion efficiency. But hydrogen combustion efficiency is already high at 1 atm and at constant Volume ...
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2answers
95 views

What is the percentage of direct workers in an automotive production plant compared to all the employees?

I am not asking for specific numbers of any production plant. I want to know the general direct worker/employee ratio of a plant. Example: if there are 1000 employees working usually 700 of them are ...
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1answer
42 views

Is it possible to replicate a motorcycle engine cylinder head?

Is it possible to create a mold of an aluminium motorcycle cylinder head so that you can create an exact replica with melted aluminium?
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3answers
52 views

How to actually control slip?

I'm trying to wrap my head around the question: "what is the optimal slip ratio and how do I go about controlling it?". I'm working on a control strategy for an electrical vehicle. The issue I'm ...
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0answers
35 views

Maintaining constant speed of a CVT engine during a slope

I am not sure if this question is related to this community. But nevertheless. I work on CVT engines, I had a new idea of modifying my controller during a slope or a gradient on the road so that the ...
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1answer
56 views

90 degree pivot steering system to allow vehicles to move sideways

Are there any restrictions that would not allow a steering system to cause a vehicle to be able to move sideways - at 90 degrees from the convention direction of travel?
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Best way to connect electric motor and differential in a tight space

I want to know, what the best way to connect an electric motor to a differential in a tight space. I first thought of a drive shaft, but the angle is to steep. The diff would be of a BMW E46 320d and ...
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Why are there no fully diesel electric cars?

Diesel electric locomotives seem popular, even these days. The UK's Type 45 destroyers have tried integrated electric propulsion, and I think that there are hybrid motor-generator cars that can ...