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Questions tagged [applied-mechanics]

Questions about using applied mechanics to model engineering problems.

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How can I do engineering projects for money at home? [closed]

I am a M.Sc. graduate in mechanical engineering and I have experience with engineering software, like MATLAB, CATIA, and ABAQUS. I want to know how I can find industrial projects like finite element ...
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1answer
28 views

Calculate surface area and outward normal of each face(non-planar) for a irregular hexahedron.

I am using the vector cross product to calculate each surface area and thus the outward normal. However, this approach fails when the surfaces are non-planar. So what is the best approach to calculate ...
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45 views

Area moment of inertia calculation

I have a planar lamina which is swept through helical curve. I want to calculate area moment of inertia at every section plane. But the orientation of the planar lamina is changing at every section ...
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1answer
38 views

A way to calculate the magnitude of the moment

In my engineering textbook, I didnt understand the example given to explain the magnitude of the moment. It asks to calculate the magnitude of the moment about the base point O of the 600-N force in ...
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1answer
58 views

Approach to solve a frictional problem?

I am having a bar and surface (made of aluminum). I need to attach some material to the end of the bar so that, if I apply any force (25 N-sideways) to bar it has to stick with the surface. Force ...
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1answer
27 views

Creep / cold flow SS304 vs A514/T1

I made a pallet lift table out of 1/4" SS304 and now have about 5x the deflection that beam calculations predict. I noticed that the machine was shipped supporting a 500lb pallet. I thinking a few ...
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17 views

ANSYS Workbench isotropic strain limits strength definition

I am doing a review for the capability of ANSYS progressive damage analysis. One of the strength definition is called Isotropic Strain Limits as shown in the figure below And the input parameter for ...
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2answers
42 views

Is strain energy the same as potential energy, or something differen?

Sorry for this stupid, basic question. But I got hung up on it. We know from Clapeyron's theorem that the strain(internal) energy of an elastically deformed body is equal to half the work $$ U=\...
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27 views

Curve-linear vs. Cartesian coordinate systems: linear-elastic & isotropic elasticity tensor

For shell elements, is the elasticity tensor for linear-elastic & isotropic materials the same in a local curve-linear (convected) system vs. a local Cartesian system? I wonder because ...
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Virtual work method for a disk with axisymmetric distributed and concentrated loads

I'm trying to determine all forces/reactions on a disk with a hole in the center. The disk is loaded with a (known) uniform distributed load from A to C (all around the disk), a concentrated (known) ...
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2answers
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Why do we use simple bending equation when bending moment is caused due to shear force?

Simple bending equation is derived assuming pure bending(when a couple is applied onto a beam with no shear stress).We tend to use the above derived equation when moment is caused due to shear stress?...
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FBD of folding table leg

I've drawn an FBD of one leg of the table the picture. I've a feeling I'm missing something. Am I?
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1answer
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Reynolds transport theorem and eulerian material derivative

The problem as well as my work so far are in the image. I begin with equation (2.23) and use the divergence theorem to express the second term as the surface integral part of the problem equation. ...
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1answer
71 views

Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of velocity

I feel as if I understand the conceptual difference between Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions. But I can't seem to follow the math. I have one example that I would greatly appreciate an explanation ...
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1answer
80 views

Difference in Diameter calculation using Solidworks and manually

When I try to create a flat form of a archimedes screw using Solidworks it gives me a diameter different from what is calculated manually basically using a Pythagoras Theorem. Can anyone explain the ...
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2answers
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Polyurethane mix-on-the-spot system

3d printing is a slow process and for my solution I need fast printing. So I print with no infill and I fill inside with a two part, 10 min drying polyurethane resin. I mix them in a disposable cup ...
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How to calculate bearing loads in a two stage helical gear box?

Here P, Q, R, S are the bearings and G1, G2, G3, G4 are four helical gears. The gear forces tangential(Kp), Axial(Ka), Radial(Kn) are known. All the distances are known. The forces acting on bearing ...
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1answer
51 views

LS DYNA Material Model 163, Modified Crushable Foam

Question is on the meaning of input variable TID within material model 163 of LS-Dyna 971. Definition of TID variable. TID: Table ID defining yield stress versus volumetric strain at different ...
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2answers
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What should be the density of a compressed gas while measuring the flow rate using Rotameter?

Say we have a required mass flow rate, in order to have equivalent volume flow rate, we need to consider density of the operating fluid (compressible fluid). To measure the volume flow rate in LPM, ...
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3answers
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What components are needed to reverse the direction of a belt conveyor using one reversible motor, and how do they change the tension on the belt?

On regular conveyor belts, motors are usually placed on the head shaft where material is discharged, and tension is highest at the entrance of this head shaft. However, if the motor were to be simply ...
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1answer
63 views

Calculate the torque needed to turn a rod it's own axis [closed]

If a rod is turned around it's own axis, force/torque is needed. Let's assume the rod it self has a diameter $d$, a length $l$, the mass $m$ and should be turned by a motor on one side. The other ...
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1answer
60 views

Analytic expressions of the kinetic and potential energy [closed]

A homogeneous rigid circular disc (radius R, mass ms, center point S) rolls without a slip on a plain with a small angle of inclination alpha against the horizontal. A point mass MG is fixed on the ...
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press fit ball joint

I enjoy creating mechanical designs but I am not a trained mechanical engineer. I have a technical issue with a joint design that needs to be permanently retained using a press (snap) fit. Any idea ...
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Slip efficiency with optimal control inputs

I have developed an equal slip controller in order to maximize the slip efficiency of a tire. Slip efficiency is a component to traction efficiency that is formulated as followes: $$\eta_t =\frac{F_x ...
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48 views

Basic Mechanics, Determine reaction at a point

This is what I have attempted so far.
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1answer
53 views

Calculating the torque requirements of the motor for a specific case

I want to use a DC 12/24V motor to rotate an assembly of glass tubes(image attached) through a hollow shaft of 25mm OD and 22mm ID, the shaft is supported on bearings on both the sides(assume minimum ...
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Mechanical engineering

I am from electronic field and I have a question regarding solid mechanics.I have to do modeling and analysis of a capacitive sensor under normal force measurement using finite element method. I will ...
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1answer
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Structural mechanics

Ques: I have a question regarding solid mechanics and plate theory,is 2 layer plate means laminated plate or simply refers to as a plate?
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1answer
59 views

What is the maximum deflection and bending moment of a hinged hinged beam? [closed]

It is not a simply supported beam with one end hinged the other end with roller support. I am working on both the ends hinged beam. i.e at the two ends only rotation about z axis is allowed and all ...
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How is the response curve of ShockWatch Label obtained?

I'm now trying to understand the characteristic of ShockWatch Label activation. Specifically, I need to know how the response curve of ShockWatch Label is obtained through lab test(see page 6 to 8 in ...
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1answer
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A sealed ball is not connected to anything externally, but can have any complex mechanism inside. Can the mass change? [closed]

A sealed ball is not connected to anything externally, but can have any complex mechanism inside (mechanical, chemical, or any other). Can a wireless trigger from a remote or any other wireless ...
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1answer
46 views

Cantilever beam with disc at end (structural mechanics)

I am trying to figure out how I can assemble multiple finite elements to obtain the system mass matrix $\boldsymbol{M}$ and the stiffness matrix $\boldsymbol{K}$. The situation is depicted in a ...
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Names for pressure and traction using projected area

Normal force per unit area is called pressure. Force in some general direction per unit area is called traction. What are names for: A) Normal force per unit projected area B) Force in per unit ...
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1answer
47 views

Rayleigh damping in structural mechanics

In structural mechanics, we often approximate a partial differential equation by a system of ordinary differential equations in matrix form $$\boldsymbol{M}\ddot{\boldsymbol{q}}(t)+\boldsymbol{B}\dot{...
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How does Abaqus calculate reaction force?

I wrote a UEL for one element and compared to a reference UEL (FEM), where the results agreed satisfactorily, except the reaction force. The stress, strain, strain energy all were pretty accurate. I ...
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Determining Elastic Equation of Beam with Linearly Distributed Load

I'm trying to solve this question, but I'm not sure where to start. Typically, to solve this type of problem, I would find the vertical support reaction at R $\left(\dfrac{w_0 L}{24}\right)$, then ...
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1answer
48 views

Hinge or similar that breaks at a certain change in acceleration?

Suppose I have a rope that is capable of lifting 100 Kg without breaking. But I would like the rope to break if it is exposed to a sudden change in acceleration (jerk). So if the rope was lifting 10 ...
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2answers
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Cutting tool for hollow tubes [closed]

We have steel hollow tubes of 80 mm length and 0.5 mm cross section, that we need to cut in smaller pieces of 10.1 and 10.5 mm length. We have been using utility knifes with very poor results. I am ...
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Boundary Conditions for a circular clamped plate

I've been trying to find the boundary conditions for a fourth order DE equation for a bending circular plate. I'm assuming angular symmetry and an even pressure distribution. Displacement Equation $$...
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Free fluid flow during orbit in response to the differential gravity vector encountered

In a satellite in orbit, in a temperature-controlled, but NOT pressure-controlled environment, what will a slick fluid in one end of a short internally slick tube, that is kept aligned with the vector ...
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2answers
93 views

How much torque will I need to pull a 2250Kg load?

I need to use this to find a motor that will be able to pull at most 2250 kg at a 1.5 m/s pace. At peak acceleration, I would like this to accelerate at 0.5 m/s2. The area that the load ...
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1answer
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does payload weight distribution affect rolling resistance?

Recently came across the following 2-minute YouTube video that claims A Balanced Rig Saves Fuel While nicely done, it is a marketing video. Does anyone know of any unbiased studies that support the ...
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How can I transfer water quickly from one tank to another?

I have an aqua treadmill which is used to exercise dogs after they have had surgery. To fill it using water from a government tap takes an hour, which is far too long. So I have an external tank ...
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1answer
69 views

Shaft Size design / replacement

does anyone have any idea what standard shaft size / adapter this is? the motor is NEMA 56C and the socket size it self is 27.8 mm in diameter and 32 overall with the key.
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Are the points of inflection and contraflexure the same?

In theory of bending of beams, often these terms are used. There are no clear definition present. Most of them contradicting. Which of the property(bending moment and shear force) is zero in which ...
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Do outer fillets|chamfers also reduce stress as inner ones do?

I kind of have an intuition or at least imagination about how fillet|chamfer of inner edges|vertexes reduce stress (concentration). But does that apply to outer edges|vertexes aswell? Maybe to a ...
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2answers
35 views

How to make a clamp for this motor to move it in two directions?

I'm working on a disc brake balancing machine, as shown below this is a belt pulley drive and for alignment purposes I want motor to be able to move vertically as well as inwards outwards (to tighten ...
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2answers
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Plastic modulus

Are there some general guidelines for approximating the plastic modulus of steel under tension so that a bilinear stress strain curve can be defined for Loading beyond the elastic region?
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Where to get data for tensile tests of various materials?

I'm asked to plot various values of force vs elongation and graph the resulted curve, as dull of an assignment as it is, I found no where to get elongation vs load values and all there was was max ...
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What kind of positioning holding Hinges do Laptops & Notebook Computers use?

What kind of positioning holding Hinges do Laptops & Notebook Computers use? Is there a set of Mech/ Engineering terms for hinges similar to these and are there a category of them that I can ...