Questions tagged [aerospace-engineering]

Aerospace engineering is the primary branch of engineering concerned with the research, design, development, construction, and testing of aircraft and spacecraft.

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How to model a cable for control?

I'm studying a system in space that uses centrifugal force to keep four tip masses extended. The system is defined as follows : a central hub that has rotation freedom in all directions, four tip ...
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What are the practical applications of Centre of Mass & Centre of Gravity?

I have learnt COM and COG are different things if we have non uniform gravitational field i.e. mass will be same at anywhere but gravity will be different. I want to find practical examples of both ...
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Why wind turbine dont use high lift coefficient airfoils?

All wind turibne use low lift coefficent airfoils from 1.0 to 1.5. Why not use high CL airfoils to get maximum torque? http://airfoiltools.com/airfoil/details?airfoil=s812-nr
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How do I find the tracking error when simulating spacecraft motion?

I have been studying Control of Nonlinear Spacecraft Attitude Motion and I would like to solve the following question. I have created the following MATLAB code that works for similar questions, but ...
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Predicting thrust of a Motor

I want to be able to predict the load a single motor and propeller can carry, so I can choose an appropriately sized propeller and powerful enough motor. I say predict because I'm first going to ...
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3answers
969 views

Is the main goal for wind turbines to take maximum energy for a given diameter?

If you increase the number of blades, that will increase torque, for the same RPM you get more power,...simple logic So why only three blades, is main goal for wind turbine take maximum energy for ...
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50 views

Multiple vs single rocket engine nozzles [closed]

I am an aeronautical engineering student and at university with a group of friends we are are working on building a rocket aimed at getting past the Karman Line (boundary to space). We will be ...
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2answers
44 views

Kelvin's Circulation theorem applied to a cup of tea

Recently, I dipped my spoon into my tea. I saw that as I dipped my spoon into my tea, two vortices formed at both edges of the spoon. I guess this is similar to vortices forming at the end of ...
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For pure rolling , Proof for every point on wheel has velocity = vc + wr

There are 2 texts I have seen for every point on wheels finding out the exact velocity of certain points. The theory states for all is that : Every point on wheel has total v = rotational + ...
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Rigid-flexible multibody dynamic coupling terms

Suppose a multibody consisting a rigid and a flexible parts. When the rotation dynamic of the rigid and flexible part are derived, we see angular acceleration of rigid part, $\ddot{\theta}$ in ...
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1answer
42 views

Convert from mm of water to Coefficient of pressure (Cp) [closed]

Okay, I have this value in mmH2O (2.650) and am not sure where to go next to convert it to aerodynamic parameter pressure coefficient please? mmH2O * 9.8066 = N/m2 ???? What do do next please? I ...
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Is it practical to separate the fan shaft from the turbine shaft on a jet turbofan engine?

The benefits of this would be a faster exhaust velocity from the fan shaft (since it's not losing energy to the turbine) that would increase thrust, the possibility of using more exotic fuel mixtures, ...
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In an aircraft, should I connect flanges of wing spars' to the fuselage, or webs of wing spars' to the fuselage?

I am actually trying to understand which option is going to be a more relaible for the wing-fuselage attachment. Should I choose a connection between the flanges of the spars within the wing to the ...
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Is 5" between 40" long propellers on an octocopter enough or is a greater distance needed [closed]

These are carbon fiber propellers 40"long at the end of each arm
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How are NASA's mars rovers able to operate with such little energy?

The latest Mars rover being, NASA's Perseverance, uses the Multi-mission radioisotope thermoelectric generator, which has a maximum power output at the beginning of it's operational life of 125 watts, ...
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1answer
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How does my home built drone compare in power/weight to things like race cars or fighter jets?

I fly a home built quadcopter that is 120g all up weight and hovers at less than 15 percent throttle. I believe maximum thrust in the field is likely in excess of 500g. Needless to say this is a very ...
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1answer
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How can I go about learning aerospace/space engineering Pre-College? [closed]

I am 16 years old and have grown a real interest in engineering and just rockets in general, I am unsure of how I can start learning about it though. I am obviously not yet eligible for college but I ...
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1answer
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Difference between pressure suits and anti-g suits

This question might come across as a newbie one but are pressure suits and anti-g suits are two names for the same thing? Google didn't turn up differences between them specifically (if there is any), ...
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Jacobians and Manipulator Dynamics

This is a Stanford Manipulator I started off working on it by initially setting up the DH table Transformation Matrix and then Homogeneous Transformation Matrix I started finding the linear and ...
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27 views

Design specifications Venera 13/14 [closed]

I am trying to 3D model the Venera 13 or Venera 14 spacecraft. These are Russian spacecraft from the 1980s. I am looking for design specifications, plans, schematics, or anything else that might make ...
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Stokes Number (characteristic length)

I am working with a high speed flow that is non-stokesian, but that isn't the issue. There are correction factors for that. I am attempting to figure out what value to use for the "characteristic ...
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109 views

Will high velocity air directed underneath a half-toroid shaped Coanda saucer by a centrifugal impeller create a lifting force?

I would like to know if a lifting force will be created by the Coanda effect from high velocity air that is directed underneath a half-toroid shaped saucer by a centrifugal impeller. I am seeking an ...
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Why do rockets not fly straight up after launching; wouldn’t that be less atmosphere to traverse?

If you look at any launch it appears as though rockets do not take the shortest path. Their trajectory bends. Why do rockets not fly straight up after launching; wouldn’t that be less atmosphere to ...
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Calculating angle of attack and relative air velocity for 3DoF simulations

I am working with a 3DoF simulator to implement dynamics mentioned in this paper: "Reusable Launchers: Development of a Coupled Flight Mechanics, Guidance, and Control Benchmark" which is ...
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How to properly use the lift-curve slope for divergence calculations?

I was reading Wright and Cooper's writings on static aeroelasticity and I think I'm missing something. To calculate the acting lift, the equation $L = q S a_1 \theta_0$ is used, where $q$ is the ...
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What can I coat on Stainless sheet (316 L) plate to achieve high thermal reflectivity?

I was thinking of using some Aluminum coating/blanket but the temperatures can reach 550C+ in the Chamber I work at. I am concerned about melting. Let me know. P.S: I am an entry level Engineer. ...
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How to find old (especially Soviet/Russian) blueprints

I am interested in old blueprints, especially if related to aerospace (and from the old Soviet Bloc), things like these: Vostok blueprints Soyuz blueprint. Does anybody know if there is any methods to ...
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2answers
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How to convert the velocity field to a pressure field for obtaining the sound level?

I am studying jet mixing noise and I am given a velocity field, with $V_x$, $V_y$, $V_z$ in the Cartesian coordinates. I wanted to know if there is a method by which I could find some information ...
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3answers
821 views

Why does the upper wing skin fail in buckling and lower wing skin does not?

I am aware of the fact that the buckling is mainly caused in the regions of the specimen which are in compression. But the wing skin doesn't take any axial loads and is used to resist shear, atleast ...
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4answers
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Is it okay to replace pressure with point loads for structural analysis?

I am trying to analyse a wing structure in Ansys static structural. In most examples I have been through the lifting pressure is uniformly applied under the bottom of wing or it is simplified to point ...
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1answer
40 views

Why don't we use feather like structures for hang gliding?

I'm not entirely sure if this is the right site for this question, but I recently went on a Greek Myth Binge and came across Daedalus again, and his famous first hanglider, made from feathers. Now, ...
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How to calculate the heading of an aircraft given coordinates from the ground

I'm trying to figure out how to calculate the heading and flight path of an aircraft when it's measured from the ground. I literally have no idea where to start. The coordinates from the ground are (-...
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Can we collide two Nano Spacecraft moving at 20% speed of light?

Nano spacecrafts are gram level silicon chips that will be accelerated to 20% of the speed of light to reach Alpha Centauri in 20 years. I wonder if we can break the weight limitation by shooting ...
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1answer
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Calculating Gearing Ratio from Constrained Rotational Linear Arc and Horizontally Opposed Rotation

I'm 3D printing an aircraft throttle unit as a POC and am trying to calculate the gearing ratios that are required in order transfer the full range of linear motion into a directionally opposed sensor ...
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1answer
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How to dodge homing missile?

There is a missile guidance algorithm called proportional navigation. Is there an opposite algorithm for missile avoidance? Something that tries something other than escaping in the direction of a ...
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3answers
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Is thermal conductivity a property that affects the use of an alloy in high-temperature applications?

I'm interested in the effect of thermal conductivity on the choice of materials used for high temperature applications such as turbines. For the particular case of Nickel-Chromium alloys (such as René ...
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2answers
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Is air density calculated using Total Pressure (Dynamic and Ambient) or just Ambient?

I have some wind tunnel data and static and dynamic pressure are logged (temperature too). I need to calculate lift and drag but I’ve been confused whether to use only ambient pressure to calculate ...
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2answers
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Why does flow separation cause stall when it creates a low pressure zone?

In an airfoil, a low-pressure region forms in the turbulent wake created when the flow separates. Wouldn't this cause an increase in the net vertical force acting on the airfoil since the pressure at ...
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Using XFoil to generate data for various Mach numbers

I am attempting to use XFoil to generate a list of coefficients of a given airfoil at a range of speeds. The first issue I faced is that it appears with XFoil, you give it a Reynolds number (which ...
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1answer
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Why does the graph of the Standard Atmosphere have temperature on the x-axis?

Presumably, temperature is a function of height, so the x-axis should be the height not the temperature, but graphs like this tend to be the norm:
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1answer
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Extracting Uncertainty from Numerical Solution

I am performing numerical and uncertainty analysis for an oblique shockwave angle function: $$ \tan(\delta)=\frac{2}{\tan(\theta)}\frac{M^2\sin^2(\theta)-1}{M^2(\gamma+\cos(2\theta))+2} $$ where $\...
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Aerospace bolts and washer combination

In my aerospace company we have repetitive discussions regarding the stacking of low tolerance fasteners with non-countersunk washers. For example a fastner NAS6703-X (size 10) has a max. base radius ...
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How does NASA's QueSST X-59 jet work?

The QueSST (Quiet Supersonic Transport) is a project to create a more diffuse sonic boom in order to use supersonic flight commercially without the usual abrupt 1~2 psf pressure spike damaging the ...
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Specificities of satellite AOCS (Attitude and Orbit Control System) engineering

I'm still a graduate student in aerospace enginneering, in Europe. I specialised in control systems, and I'm interested in working in the satellite manufacturing industry. I'm especially curious about ...
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In case a plane stalls, what should stall first, the tip or the root of the Wing? Why?

In case a plane stalls, what should stall first, the tip or the root of the Wing? Why?
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Technology used to create chambers in metal laminates

A number of years ago, I remember hearing of a technique to manufacture the leading edge surface of a hypersonic jet (or something aerospace related) where multiple sheets of metal were welded ...
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What is the meaning of “load case consistent” in stress analysis terms?

I’m a (junior) stress engineer and have been tasked with sizing a lug. Various loadcases have been run through FEM and loads have been distributed into the lug bolt for each. In other words, each ...
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Superimposing a Vector Field onto a Toroid in Matlab

I am a systems and control PhD student in Aerospace Engineering. Currently, I am trying to create a wind shear model of a toroidal thermal "bubble" in Matlab similar to the one in this paper (shown ...
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1answer
63 views

Why is making a space rocket so difficult even in the year 2020? [closed]

Note: I couldn't do this myself. I'm not one of the smart guys involved in this. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was all still cutting-edge stuff. They had relatively crude factories for making parts and ...
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how do i formulate a kalman filter for an upwash coefficient?

I want to make a kalman filter that will estimate the upwash coefficient $C_{\alpha_{up}}$ my state vector: $ X_k=[u \ v \ w \ C_{\alpha_{up}} ]^T $ My measurement vector: $ Z_k =[\alpha_m \ \beta_m ...

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