Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [aerodynamics]

The tag has no usage guidance.

1
vote
1answer
34 views

In horizontal axis wind turbines, why does axial component of absolute velocity stay constant (wake rotation theory)

I am having hard time understanding how does the axial component stay constant through the rotor. Every resource i look just says it is due to mass conservation but never gives the actual conservation ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Should Engineers Understand Equations without Relying on Derivations?

As I've progress through my undergraduate engineering program, I've noticed a shift away from physical intuition - understanding why certain phenomena or equations make sense because of basic patterns ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Would a plane lift from ground if in a free treadmill?

I was wondering if the force generated from the engines of a jet plane would lift it up from the ground if in a free treadmill. Would it take off?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is it feasible/possbile to do regenerative cooling of ScramJet or Ram jet powered aircraft surface?

Thinking of ScramJet/RamJet powered aircraft for unmanned vehicle. One of the challenges in designing such an aircraft is surface heating. Just like Rocket nozzles are cooled regeneratively with fuel(...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Stopping a tall structure from being blown away by a strong wind [duplicate]

I have a 1.5-meter satellite dish, and I wish to have it point directly upwards. Here is what the dish looks like with the feed in place (ignore the wobbliness of the feed, we increased its backplate ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How do drag and downforce in a rear spoiler of a car vary with angle of attack?

I ran an two aerodynamic simulations, one for a spoiler angle of 0 deg and the other for the same spoiler declined at 30 deg. The results showed a considerable increase in downforce, but only a slight ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Determining thrust equations for a custom UAV

I have been tasked to mathematically model and simulate a 2 propeller, 2 motor UAV. But I am struggling with determining the thrust equations, of the propeller, for my design. I know that: Ft = Ct * ...
0
votes
3answers
39 views

Max Lift to drag ratio

I have a question that I can't solve. Coefficient of drag= x, Coefficient of Lift= y, it is given that x= 0.015 + 0.05*(y^2), FInd Max Lift to drag ratio and I know that Lift to drag ratio is L/D= ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Fan starts making noise and air flow is reduced considerably

Yeah.. I dont know if this belongs here, I coulnd´t find a proper stack exhange site for this but it sort of involves physics I guess so... yeah. Basically, I have a ventilator, that after a few mins ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Why do (some) high-speed trains have curved (convex) walls?

Comparing the cross-section of modern high-speed trains to old train waggons, which had straight walls and were limited to speeds around 200 km/h, I notice that most of them have curved outer walls. ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Will the airflow inside a vacuum hose keep a sphere centered inside of it?

Suppose you were to fasten a string to a ping pong ball, then fasten the string to a stationary object, and then use a vacuum cleaner with a strong vacuum to suck the ball partially into the vacuum ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

What is the cycle of simulation editing?

So this is very general, but... How are simulations for vehicles done? I know that computational fluid dynamic simulations are used, but why are repeated tests of actual hardware done too? Obviously ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Why there are no jets (missile or aircraft) faster than Mach 3.3?

Fastest plane ever built: SR-71 ,Max Speed: 3.3 Mach , Development - 1950s Fastest drone ever built: Lockheed-D21 ,Max Speed: 3.3 Mach, Development -1960s Fastest cruise missile ever built: Brahmos ,...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Is it possible to generate energy from indoor draft by opening windows on opposite sides of the building?

Wind flow always generates naturally when I opening windows on the opposite sides of the building. Is it possible to put turbine on the way and generate electricity from that? It could be optimising ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Why don't propeller designers use multiple profiles?

I'm designing a ducted fan, and I'm deciding on the airfoil profile. NACA 16-series profiles are well-suited to M > .5 or .6, but they're not particularly efficient at lower Mach numbers. On the other ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

RC drone rotor air access

I am attempting to design a "flying saucer." The saucer is an ellipsoidal-ish body with a RC drone inside. I plan to allow for air access to the rotors as shown in the rudimentary diagram below: I am ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How can i calculate drag on an Angled area?

I want to calculate drag force at special angle on a sphere . There are some grooves on the sphere and these groove have a special angle on the sphere. In other words, I want to calculate drag force ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

ENLIL road-side vertical turbine - creating drag?

A company called Devecitech has just created what it calls the 'ENLIL' vertical axis wind turbine, that sits at the side of a highway generating electricity from the wind-power created by passing cars ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Will a fan that is composed of several fans fixed inside rotating tube work?

I want to design a custom 3D printed fan that would be made of several axial fans that would be connected (fixed) to their cylindrical casing. I am planning to rotate the whole assembly (the cylinder ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Heating the air inside a turbojet instead of combusting it

Would an aircraft that uses propellers for movement but with a turbo jet like structure where the ignition chamber only heats the air a bit, similar to a hair dryer instead of releasing fuel and ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Compressing the air thrusted by an aircraft's propeller through a cone like tube

If I had an aircraft that used propellers for movement and took the air from the front running it through a tube that gets very small towards the end, would it have any impact on the speed? Would the ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Formula for “ram rise” that works all the way to orbit

True Airspeed (TAS) is the vehicle speed relative to the surrounding air. My assumption is that if I am in orbit say at 120 km altitude with an instantaneous velocity of 8 km/s my TAS would be fairly ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Is it possible to extract mechanical energy using Turbines behind PulseJet engine?

Pulsejet expels pulse of hot gas (unlike turbojet engine) which create some thrust(Not good enough for ). These gases are hot, fast and pulsed. Is it possible to convert kinetic energy of these gases ...
1
vote
3answers
202 views

What is the optimal streamlined shape?

We all know the typical streamline shape which looks like a tear. But what is the optimum shape (for speeds 0-200 km/h)? Is the front a half sphere or is it an ovoid? How are the sides and the end ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Why does 3D source potential flow only satisfy Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates and not cylindrical coordinates?

3D source potential flow is given by: $\phi = \frac{-\lambda}{4\pi r}$. Laplace's equation in cylindrical coordinates is: $\frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial }{\partial r}\left(r \frac{\partial \phi}{\...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Scanning and modeling my personal vehicle for aerodynamic simulation

I have this pickup truck that I love dearly. I often change the aerodynamic configuration of the truck when I use my camper shell, or roof top tent, etc. Is there a reasonably easy way to create a ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why do some cars have flow channels in their bodies to decrease drag?

From my understanding, the more surface area the flow passes, the more drag happens due to skin friction. An example of this is the new Ford GT, which has a converging cockpit and separated side body ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What is the theoretical relationship between sound and mass with respect to the sound barrier as a max velocity?

First post here, forgive me any faux-pas. In regards to compressible flow and accelerating a mass flow, such as in a converging nozzle, I know that you can't accelerate a mass past the speed of sound (...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

An Argument from Kelvin’s Circulation Theorem

Page No. 318, John Anderson’s “Fundamentals Of Aerodynamics”. The author here states from Kelvin’s circulation theorem that the initial circulation around a closed loop including the airfoil when the ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Proving Kelvin’s Circulation theorem

I’m following Anderson’s Fundamentals Of Aerodynamics. However, the proof for the above theorem is not provided. Every time I try it, things get really lengthy and cumbersome. Is there some nice and ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Propeller design

I see on internet, that aircraft propellers most effective blades angle only 15 degrees on every blade. Why propellers not use 45 degrees angle on propeller's blade that give more thrust on the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Reducing air flow speed without much backpressure

I am setting up a test-bed for an experiment. Here's what I have. A circular car exhaust like this Image The gas comes out of the exhaust at a velocity, x. We need to lower the gas velocity to X/3 ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What's the slowest airflow speed a ramjet could work?

Thinking experiment about a flying device having the fewest moving parts, whats the slowest cruise speed achievable using a ramjet, no matter the scale of this device. Working altitude is troposphere. ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

A Question of Coaxial Rotors and Lift

I'm only a HS physics student, so please bear with my lack of jargon. My question goes like this: In the scenario of two coaxial rotors spinning independently in two different directions, each with ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Determination of a Joukowski airfoil chord (demonstration)

I'm currently studying Aerodynamics, and one thing that I noticed is that the maximum and minimum $x$ coordinate of the airfoils (which are necessary to compute the chord) on the transformed plane (...
2
votes
3answers
521 views

Fluid dynamics right angle air duct

I am designing a printed piece that will deflect air from an exhaust fan on a computer 90 degrees. My question is, what would be most efficient, a circular radius, parabolic radius, or hyperbolic ...
1
vote
2answers
380 views

How to generate a NACA 6-Series Airfoil analytically?

I asked this question over at Aviation.stackexchange but after that I figured it might be better to place it here. Especially since there were really good answers on the NACA 5-digit-Series airfoil ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

How can I generate smoke (or mist) that leaves no residue?

I have to visualize flow over some designs in my wind tunnel. However, my advisor has stated that previous students have wrecked the machine when they have used oils and I think Dry Ice might ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Ceiling or table fan better

I always wonder in directional flow which fan would send colder.air and cool better. I am biased toward table fan as it throws fresh air while ceiling fan throws stale hot air accumaled at top. Please ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Wind resistance inside turbulent flow (“prop wash”)

I have an object that is launched from the side of a plane (it is a flare). The question is: what does the flare do while it is proximate to the plane? Will it hit the tail? After accounting for ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

What does “tempered water” exactly mean and how does it help cool the air?

It's from Apple's latest Earth Day commerical called “Can a building breathe”. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tNzCrRmrtvE The commercial is about Apple's new naturally ventilated building called "...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Wing as cantilever beam (beam-rod) model for aeroelasticity fluttering analysis

I recently bumbped into a rather basic but interesting question on aeroelasticity. I've learned to derive the fluttering critical speed from Pines's theory but it involves some spring stiffness like ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

How heatseekers change their course?

Heatseeker when locked on target(say a jet), follows the target until the it is hit, what happens when target is moving and changing it's direction.how does the heatseeker it's changes direction at ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Finding Source of Heating Rate Equation

I am currently working on creating a tool to calculate the maximum heating rate on a re-entry vehicle given starting conditions and coefficients. I am using Re-Entry Aerodynamics by Wilbur L. Hankey ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Deceptional Pitot Tube

speed measured by pitot tubes is that of the wind speed relative to the aircrafts. Now, this itself depends on weather conditions which can affect wind speeds. So, then why employ pitot tubes at all ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

what is the actual meaning, role and aim of $p_0$, $V_{a_0}$ and $V_c$ for Mach-meter?

Roskam, book "Airplane Aerodynamichs and Performance" at subparagraph: "2.5.2 HIGH-SPEED AIRSPEED INDICATORS (COMPRESSIBLE FLOW)" uses the following three equations: a) $\left(\frac{\gamma}{\gamma-1}\...
8
votes
3answers
796 views

Why use non-dimensional coefficients?

Aerospace engineering textbooks make frequent use of non-dimensional coefficients like $C_L$, $C_D$ and a whole host of others. Usually, for equations of motion, it is preferred to replace variables ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to scale airfoil coordinates to achieve the required size?

I'm using airfoil data that is generated by a program. The generated airfoil has a chord length of 1 unit. I want to know how to scale up this airfoil to required chord length. My airfoil series ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do some high speed trains have long noses, while others do not?

Why do some high speed trains like the Shinkansen E5 and E6, have really long noses while other trains, like the Eurostar and Javelin, have shorter noses? How does the shape of the nose affect the ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Vertical wind measurements

How can the vertical wind direction be measured? For a project I have to design a wind turbine and I would like the blades to make slight adjustments based on the wind direction in order to achieve ...