Is there any emitter/receiver (passive or active) systems that allow distance estimation in the range of 1~2 meters with an accuracy of few centimetres and don't need to have a direct line of sight as optical systems mostly do?
I was thinking about using such sensors as nodes to put on a suit that a human can wear. As a result, a graph can be obtained where each node represents one of those sensors and each edge describes the distance from this node to the other nodes. Using graph optimization techniques, the graph would converge to the correct joint position of the human. Such a system could replace expensive motion capture methods using calibrated external cameras.