I am a Mechanical Engineering student and I'm working on some calculations for an assignment at a company. As a part of this assignment I need to calculate the moment of inertia (Ixx) of a segment of an annulus (so a circle with inside and outside radius, but not fully closed).
The start (top) of the shape is always perpendicular to the y axis. The shape then forms an arc counterclockwise (shouldn't matter for the value I need) until an angle α is reached. So the following variables are needed in the formula:
- Inner radius/diameter
- Outer radius/diameter
- Angle α
The angle α always lies somewhere between 270 and 360 degrees.
I've been looking everywhere but I can't seem to gather all the data I need. I thought of two options to do this:
1: I can get the moment of inertia for a circle and subtract the inner circle from that, but then I have a closed annulus. I want an open annulus. So if I do that I need to remove a segment from this shape, of which I can't find any formulas for calculating this.
2: I can also remove a wedge- shape from both circles and then subtract them from each other. I could find formula's for the wedge shapes (circle sectors), but I could only find a formula for a situation where the x-axis goes through the centroid of the shape and the origin of the radius. To rotate the axis I need the moment of inertia for Ixx, Iyy and Ixy, but I can only find the one for Ixx.
3: Two wedges (circle sectors) with the same angle and different radii.
These are the formula's I found (they're all from Wikipedia, but I searched through a lot of websites and none of them had additional information):
TL;DR: I require the formula for the moment of inertia over the x axis for a circle segment rotated with one side straight up, where the radius and the angle are variable. I have searched everywhere but can't find it.
If anyone could help me in the right direction that would be very much appreciated!