In the statics lesson, we do not think about the effects of forces on objects. In other words, we do not assume that an object can break, bend or twist. In the same situation, we can combine different forces into a combined force. However, the forces can cause different internal forces and deformations on the materials depending on where they are applied.
I will share some examples below. To what extent can the internal force diagrams that I consider in these examples be accurate?
- As seen in Example-1, an isotropic material rests on the ground as in the figure. Here we need to examine the forces acting on the ground to locate the normal force. First, I divided the material into small pieces and showed the forces due to weight along the black line. (example-2a)
Now, as in the theory of elasticity, can we show a weight-induced tensile stress along this line on the diagrams?(example-2b)
In another question, we do not say that there is a moment on this object in the classical statics lesson. but when examining the internal forces, can we say that the parts create a bending moment on each other?, of course, this moment is balanced by the reactions coming from the ground.(example-2b)
I give another example. Here, a force other than weight is applied to the object. The normal force will be located between the center of gravity and the force. I made the following diagrams to show the compressive forces acting on the ground. The singular forces we showed in statics are not correct for internal force diagrams. Again, I think that the diagram showing the singular force acting on the ground singularly is wrong. For this I made the diagram shown in the 3rd column.(example-3)
- Do you think the diagrams in column 3 are correct? Here I have created compressive and tensile stresses inside the object due to the singular force acting on the left. I have shown the compressive stresses acting on the ground due to weight as equal. However, I think that the object can actually tilt to the left and the diagram of the forces originating from its mass may change a little with the effect of external forces on it. Because there may be invisible shifts in the center of gravity. However, I neglected them.(example-3)
Finally, I share another example, Here I designed that the horizontal force tries to rotate the object and tensile forces occur on the right side of the object and compressive forces on the left side. The center of gravity of the object may shift a little to the left with the effect of the F force, I neglected this.(example-4)
- I have shown the diagrams of vertical forces below, Do you think these diagrams can be close to correct? (It is assumed that the frictional force can be large enough.)
I'm waiting for an answer to my question guys, is there anyone here?