I have been wondering if there are certain media (for instance glass, air, foam, etc.) which are peculiar given their chemical composition and/or structure allowing them to filter out mechanical waves (examples include: sound, vibrations) of high or low frequencies. Do these exist? Could I please have some examples?
The less abstract example: I tend to notice the bass of the music booming over from the car next to me when I am stopped at a red light. I do not know if this is due simply to the amplitude of those low frequency components or whether there is mechanical filtering at play (suppressing the higher frequencies). This is the source of inspiration for asking my question.