I'm trying to design and build a small vertical wind turbine that is held in place by permanent magnets, i.e. the rod with the blades on is held using magnets and gravity and allows the rod (that the blades are attached to) to spin with as little friction and as little magnetic resistance as possible.
I'm going to build this with a 3d printer, and I'm just starting out and wondered if there was a design that someone knows of or could think of that would allow such a rod to be held in place (given that wind will be pushing against it) but allow it to spin at the same time.
My initial idea is to have a disc magnet on the rod (rod is shown as the vertical black line) - where the rod goes through the middle of this disc magnet (shown in red in the diagram below) and have its outer circumference poled differently from it's inner circumference. Then have a disc magnet above and below this disc (shown in blue) where the same pole is facing the disc around the rod, but the inner diameter of these two discs are larger than the diameter of the rod and is not touching the rod. Each of these will oppose the disc attached to the rod thereby holding it in place but allowing it to still spin.
See below for a very basic diagram of my initial design:
The black bar in the middle is the rod. And for clarity, the south pole on the red disc is at the innermost part of the disc magnet and the outer edge is all north polarity.
Couple of quick questions:
- Do you think this would work?
- Do you think there would be any magnetic resistance on the spinning of the rod due to this design? Or more importantly, would the resistance be more than say the friction resistance of using ball bearings?
- Do you think it would have to have nanometre accuracy in order to remain stable? Do you think with the slightest breeze pushing against it, it might jump to some point of highest polar attraction?
If anyone can think of a better design, I'm open to suggestions or modifications to this to make it more stable or reduce resistance.
Edit: The size of the wind turbine blades will likely be no longer than 250mm in length and a width of only 70-80mm each blade so this is NOT a large turbine. The aim is to achieve (if possible) about 10 watts at 5mph wind speed.