I have a two part question:
Part 1: I understand thermal conductivity as
The measure of a material's ability to allow thermal energy transfer to it, from it and within it via conduction
My very first question is,
is this definition of thermal conductivity correct?
This is something that I haven't read word to word anywhere, but have expressed it in my words according to what I understand about thermal conductivity.
Part 2: Consider two completely identical rods, except for their material. Both the rods are initially at the same temperature and are brought in contact, at the same time, with an isothermal surface at a higher temperature. Let thermal conductivity $k$, of material A $>$ material B
According to what I understand about thermal conductivity, after any time interval $\Delta t$ more energy will be transfer to rod A than rod B since A has a higher k than B. I have assumed some arbitrary values 50units and 10units for A and B respectively.
By just a knowledge of the thermal conductivity of both the materials can I tell which bar would've gained more energy in time $\Delta t$, or conversely the amount of heat transfer from which bar would've been higher?
I think we can (but strongly think I'm wrong). Since A has a higher k, it will allow thermal energy to get transferred within it, or get conducted within it more efficiently, which means the layers in A are not storing energy much but are passing to subsequent layers, which makes me conclude that energy coming out of bar A will be also higher than coming out of B.