Design of pinned joint to Eurocode Above picture is from Eurocode 3: design of steel connections. It gives geometrical requirements for a pin ended member. Looking at situation A, we have the minimum distance $$c$$ from the edge of the hole to the edge of the connection. I wonder where that term $$\frac{d_0}{3}$$ comes from?

Neglecting the safety factor $$\gamma$$ for simplicity, we should have the nominal stress on each side of the hole as: $$\sigma = \frac{F_{Ed}}{A} = \frac{F_{Ed}}{2ct}$$

At the yield limit, the stress equals the yield stress $$f_y$$:

$$f_y = \frac{F_{Ed}}{2ct}$$

Solving for $$c$$:

$$c = \frac{F_{Ed}}{2t f_y}$$

Now, there is no extra term $$\frac{d_0}{3}$$ here. Where does it come from in the Eurocode formula? My guess is that it could have something to do with stress concentrations, which we know to be around 3 times the nominal stress around a hole, but I don't really see how we would incorporate that into the equation, besides maybe multiplying the nominal stress by 3 before solving for $$c$$:

$$f_y = 3\frac{F_{Ed}}{2ct}$$

$$c = \frac{3F_{Ed}}{2t f_y}$$

But that is not the same result.

• Perhaps they just decided... Apr 29 '21 at 10:44
• I don't have the exact reference on hand, but I believe the increase in edge distance is due to concerns of stress concentration around the pinhole. You shall search the EU websites for relevant studies, from which the equations were formulated.
– r13
Apr 29 '21 at 11:25
• The stress concentration factor or 3 only applies for hole in an infinte plate. For a finite width plate, the more relevant quantity is the stress ratio $\sigma_{\max}/\sigma_{\infty}$ around the hole, which increases from 3 as the hole size increases. It is about 6 for d/W = 0.6 (i.e. a hole diameter d in a plate width (5/3)d) and increases rapidly for d/W > 0.6. Apr 29 '21 at 12:31
• @alephzero In practice, it is not reasonable to design the bar/plate for the maximum stress but average stress yet is safe. I think the code has decided to add the term to reflect the fact that the stress is higher than deriving from simply dividing F by 2*t*(b-do) after researches. The OP needs to dig out those studies.
– r13
Apr 29 '21 at 16:32