I suspect you are talking about the difference between these two
TL;DR: Type F is more usable, while type E has more safety prone features
Type F advantages
The main benefit of the F type is that it can be used at any orientation. So you can approach in two directions which are equivalent.
Analogy to USB
An analogy to a more ubiquitous pattern is the USB Type A and B compared to type C.
I don't know about you but I've had a few times the problem of trying to plug in a USB type A socket to a computer and then I had to turn it around (and then again around because I did it correct the first time, but the angle that I approach it was wrong). With type C that problem does not exist.
Another comparative benefit of the type F, is that the absence of the pin, makes it more easy to fit non standard plugs type C Plugs. (I've come across -once admittedly- slightly thicker type C that did not fit inside).
Type E advantages
The advantage of type E over type F, IMHO, lies in:
- the manufacturer's side, in the sense that it is less costly to create the plug.
- the pin acts as a more robust interface for the ground (while in type F, it is possible to damage the earth clips of the socket).
The first safety point, is that type E compared to type F, can make the implementation of installation standards easier to adhere to. (it took me a while to think about this).
The reason is that one pin is neutral (N) and the other one is live (L), in the case of Schuko because you can approach the plug from different orientations, and you are allowed to plug it in both directions, there is not much point for the electrician to connect the L and N in a specific position.
However, in the case of the E type, because the earthed type devices will need to be approached in a specific manner, the electrician can always put the (L) in the same position with respect to the pin (I don't know if they do in those countries, but I suspect that they do). So, basically, if you know the standard (and even if there is no colour coding) you can tell which one is the Line and which is the neutral.
Using pin as a key
From a safety point of view, (although I am not 100% certain it is actually used often), is that the pin at type F, can be used to make accessible the pin plugs.
I've seen that occurring in places with UPS supported systems. Basically to protect the UPS from a poorly connected device, they require use the earth pin as a way to "unlock" the other two pins. Since, I live in a country that uses F type, I don't know if this is actually used.