(Without knowing the model) Short answer is no.
In general older cameras (and even some newer ones) tended to use very customised communication protocols and drivers. Also the transition from Windows NT to Windows 7 (let alone Windows 10) changed a lot of things under the hood in the Windows kernel and now the result is that you have a lot of legacy cameras that don't work (even some older USB Logitech webcams stopped working after certain upgrades in Windows 10).
Your best bet (which is costly but probably not as costly as buying a Carl Zeiss microscope camera), is the following:
- Use Acronis to take a full disk backup of the Windows NT system
- try finding a similar box with a board (same PCI specification although nowadays it's very hard to find anything else other that PCIe).
- Then clone the WinNT disk from the older system (There is no other safe way to get the drivers from the WinNT system).
UPDATE: regarding non-trusted driver downloads
I saw that kamran suggested that there is a driver in driverscape. Although, I would certainly consider it as an option (I've had my share of being on the receiving end of technical debt and inherited legacy devices and I know how frustrating it can be), I would be very cautious/careful in/when installing non-trusted drivers from a site on the internet. I've never heard or used of driverscape - so I can't really recommend - but I guess if kamran is suggesting it then it should be relatively safe (he has shown to be very conscious of problems that may arise when a suggestion is made).
In any case, before I tried that I would:
- check that I can physically install the interface board into my computer (if not then forget about it you need another older system)
- update the antivirus, and fully patch my system
- take a full backup of my system (or at least enable system protection on Windows and take a recovery snapshot).
- then download the driver from the site - (preferably with Tor Browser).