So I've been trying to find out how to determine what proportion of fluid will flow down a given path when a main line branches into two lines at a 90 degree T-Junction and I can't find anything helpful.
Lets just assume water at room temperature in steady-state conditions.
It seems that pressure losses will have an effect on proportion of distribution. If the two paths have similar designs, ie; the same energy losses, the flow will split roughly 50:50. However, if one path has more energy losses than the other, then < 50% of fluid will go down that path. So there is a relationship between the proportion of pressure losses in the line to the proportion of flow down that path. What is this relationship? Is there a numerical model to determine this?
Also, intuitively, at a 90 degree T-junction, momentum/inertia should have an effect. Obviously the fluid would prefer to continue on straight rather than take a 90 degree turn, especially at high speeds. Do we consider this when determining flow division? Is there a numerical model to help me determine it's effect on how much flow will go down a given path?
Any answers or resources guiding me in the right direction, or numerical models to help me determine flow distribution at a T junction would be greatly appreciated!
Thank you in advance.