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For example in yellow:

enter image description here

if all bars were rectangular, the entige frame would tend to skew. To prevent this, these diagonal bars are mounted.

What is the term for them?

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Braces. They come in a variety of shapes.

K frames, X frames, eccentric frames, etc.

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enter image description here

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three different types

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The generic term is Bracing.

You will often find it further qualified as Cross Bracing, Diagonal Bracing or Triangular Bracing, depending on the whim of the person doing it.

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One common name is shear ties.

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Another common term, used in many trades, is bracing, such as diagonal bracing.

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A term I recall from undergraduate Mechanics classes is Truss https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truss

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    $\begingroup$ A truss describes the whole assembly of beams and braces, but doesn't specifically describe the diagonal elements that provide rigidity. The addition of the diagonal braces could turn box framing into a truss, but they're not trusses themselves. $\endgroup$ Jan 8 at 17:22

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