Context: I'm writing about an old industrial training facility used for a petrochemical process.
In this training facility, there is a 3-phase separator. On that separator is a pressure measurement. My teacher, having limited knowledge of the facility in question, told me that the sensor was "ceramic".
I searched for ceramic pressure measurement sensors and found two principles. At least, I think they are two different principles, however I suspect they may be the same principle but explained differently.
My current (mis)understanding:
The capacitive principle: A ceramic membrane is exposed to the process pressure. This process pressure will cause it to bend, which will increase its capacitance (probably due to an increase of proximity to an electrical contact?). The higher the pressure, the thicker the membrane needs to be, lest it break. Due to the increasing thickness requirements, this measurement principle only gets less and less accurate as the pressures get higher.
The piezoelectrical principle: A ceramic membrane is exposed to the process pressure. This pressure causes it generate a small but measurable voltage, due to its molecular structure. The voltage's magnitude is translated into a measure of the pressure's magnitude.
Now, I suspect that these two principles may actually be talking about the same principle, though perhaps focusing on different aspects of the principle. The reason for my suspicion is that I don't know a lot about electricity, and it seems unlikely to me that people would be using ceramic materials for pressure measurement for a while without noticing that the material had a piezoelectrical property that could make it usable for presumably better pressure measurement.
Now, my teacher said that it is most likely the capacitive principle being used in the facility in question, but he said the piezoelectrical principle is most common nowadays (the facility is quite old). So, it seems like my teacher thinks the two principles are distinct, but I'm a bit unsure.