We are a student team trying to design a low cost CNC plasma cutting machine. The CNC will be a table with two rails and a bridge moving on them in which the head of the plasma torch will be.
Now we have to decide on the configuration of the steeper motors to move the bridge. It has to be pushed from each end of it, we have tought about:
- Two motors, one on each end of the bridge.
- One bigger motor in one end (or the middle) and a mechanical transmission (a shaft and a couple of gears) to push from the other end.
Given that the small motors cost about $15 each and assuming the big one is double the price, mass, torque, etc, what option would give the most precision with an acceptable cost?
Shaft would be a metal rod, but I dont know how much money could be precise enough gears.
EDIT 1: We finally went for double motors. As the project is aimed at managing the project itself and setting up a production chain, and not at designing a good product, we didn't think much about the pros and cons, and thought that just doing two of the same was less work than designing the mechanical transmission and its production and assembly process.