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Eurocode specifies minimum distances from a bolt hole to the edge of the plate. But why is the bolt diameter the only relevant parameter? Why isn't the minimal distance also a function of the plate thickness? Intuitively, I would think that with a thicker plate we could place a bolt closer to the edge since there is more area perpendicular to the force affecting the bolts.

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  • $\begingroup$ But how are the loads applied? $\endgroup$ – Solar Mike Jun 14 '20 at 11:34
  • $\begingroup$ If the Eurocode offers a commentary, I'd look there to see if the basis of the provision is explained. In the AISC specification, the minimum edge distance is a workmanship standard related to fabrication tolerances. Bolt bearing and tear-out are separate design checks that do include plate thickness in the calculations. $\endgroup$ – CableStay Jun 14 '20 at 12:57
  • $\begingroup$ It's actually determined from the hole diameter. It's a tear-out thing. It's based on the shear area leading away from the hole. The hole will egg before the plate fails in shear. Nonstandard fasteners may have different requirements. $\endgroup$ – Phil Sweet Jun 16 '20 at 1:47

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