# How to calculate flowrate of water through a crosssection of pipe?

Assume we have a pipe with a diameter of 10mm. Water is flowing through that pipe and we know that the water pressure at the 'open' end of the pipe is 2 atm. How would one go about calculating the flowrate of water? Reasonable assumptions are allowed.

I at first thought of using Poiseuille's equation, but that requires you to have a container length. Right now I have found no way to calculate flow in my situation.

• Do it for unit length ie 1. – Solar Mike Jun 3 '20 at 7:31
• – Solar Mike Jun 3 '20 at 8:16
• Thank you for the reply @Solar Mike, unfirtunately the problem with those calculators is that they require the water velocity? which I don't have. Could you please elaborate a bit on why would using a unit length on 1 meter of pipe work? To me it still seems we are just calculating fluid flow rate through a pipe with 1 meter length, not an open ended pipe. I'm sorry if this should be obvious and I don't understand. – emos-egavas Jun 3 '20 at 10:39
• A picture or a more clear definition of the inlet and outlet locations would be helpful. Can you describe why 1 meter of pipe is not the same as an open ended pipe to you? Alternatively, you can give us more details on what your "situation" is. As it stands, I would have to assume some length to use any equation that I know. – J. Ari Jun 3 '20 at 13:41
• To calculate the flow rate, you need the inlet and exit pressures plus the pipe type and diameter. Then it's just a typical pressure head loss determination, probably best done with tables. It's the total system that matters, not a single cross-section. Obviously the flow rate is the same for the entire length of the pipe. – Tiger Guy Jun 3 '20 at 16:56

There's Torricelli's equation for hydrodynamic calculations purpose and for calculating the velocity of perfect fluid flow at the $$'open' end$$ could be presented as: $$V = \sqrt{2gh}$$ $$V$$ is the velocity, $$m/s$$
$$g$$ is the acceleration due to gravity, $$m/s^2$$
$$h$$ is the liquid column height (above the 'open' end), $$m$$