# Is there a standard formula available to calculate lateral concrete pressure from the measurements of lateral concrete strain? As shown in the image, I have done a vibrating wire type strain gauge and pressure cell (not shown in the image) instrumentation on full scale form. the objective is to measure the lateral pressure of the concrete on the form while concrete was poured and until later initial setting time. Though the interest was to measure only the concrete pressure. As an additional information I measured strain too.

There is a doubt in the measured pressure. I checked the calibration and raw data. It seems everything is OK. But the measured values are far less than the expected theoretical value. Fortunately, We have concrete strain measurement. But unfortunately I do not know how to use the strain data to back calculate and get the lateral pressure.

Is there a standard formula available to calculate lateral concrete pressure from the measurements of lateral concrete strain?

## 1 Answer

Poured concrete after the initial plastic stage changes volume for a large number of reasons. Some changes are small like autogenous volume change ( 0.001 range), some large which can cause cracks and strain in the concrete like plastic shrinkage.

There are many studies on the concrete Volume change and ways to mitigate its undesired effects and take advantage of desired effects.

The forms will deflect a bit and give rise to the expansion of the concrete as well.

Hypothetically though ignoring all the above effects, one could try to establish the stiffness of the concrete forms by measuring the formwork under the load and finding the counterpart of its "modulus of elasticity", $$E_{formwork}$$.

Then one can use the $$\sigma=\epsilon E_{formwork}$$ This will be the stress of the concrete due to its confinement by the forms.