If we could be able to construct a gigantic hollow sphere, multiple elevators/chambers can glide in the interior of the sphere, accelerating and decelerating without colliding, providing artificial gravity of 1G. The sphere of course has to be gigantic so that the angular acceleration would be significantly less than the acceleration of the chamber, in order to minimize the coriolis effect. Could a solution like that to the artificial gravity problem be feasible?
[EDIT] Ok let’s simplify it a bit. Instead of a sphere, imagine a giant ring structure in space which stays still (doesn’t rotate). In the internal surface of the ring there is an elevator that can move along the circular path of the ring’s interior. The elevator starts to accelerate forward with 1G (following the circular path). Because of the huge proportions of the ring, the centrifugal force will increase but slowly. The key concept is to satisfy the following equation: forward acceleration + centripetal acceleration = 1G. So as we reach higher speeds, the forward acceleration of the elevator has to be reduced. When the centripetal acceleration reaches 1G, the forward acceleration has to be 0. At this point the coriolis effect will be most severe. From that point the elevator decelerates but the equation: backwards acceleration + centripetal acceleration = 1G, still applies. Another important thing is that there is a distinct chamber that floats inside the elevator, so that it can rotate and stay in the same position for the person that is inside.
A more concrete question is how big has to be that ring structure in order to provide 1g artificial gravity for 1 hour (30 minutes accelerating and 30 minutes decelerating the elevator)?