# How can a non flowing fluid have kinetic energy?

I am currently studying engineering thermodynamics from Cengel and Boles and there it is given that total energy of non flowing fluid per unit mass basis is given as $$e=u+\frac{v^2}{2}+gz$$.But if the fluid is non flowing how can it have macroscopic kinetic energy$$\frac{v^2}{2}$$?

• Does Cengel & Boles say the fluid is moving or stationary? Or is the expression given to cover all conditions and you have to make the correct assumptions? Jul 25 '19 at 19:09
• That's is the definition of the specific energy. Depends on the thermodynamic conditions one or more parameter can take zero value. Jul 25 '19 at 20:20
• "... the total energy of a flowing fluid …" "But if the fluid is non flowing ..." - see your problem there? But if the fluid is not flowing, $v = 0$ and its macroscopic kinetic energy per unit mass is $v^2/2 = 0$. So what exactly is the difficulty? Jul 25 '19 at 22:25
• @alephzero It was a typo.That was given as energy of a non flowing fluid.I can upload the snapshot but it may violate copyright laws. Jul 26 '19 at 4:55
• @AtulGautam uploading an image of that particular part will not violate copyright, but if you upload the whole book then you may well have an issue... The are hundreds of questions with snapshots of particular formulae, expressions, questions and diagrams on here.... Jul 26 '19 at 7:38