Electronic components like transistors, diodes etc have maximum voltage ratings which when exceeded damages the respective component. Is voltage sufficient to damage a component or there must be a sufficient current? I mean one may place these components in an external electric field (static field not dynamic) such that the voltage between two points exceeds their rated voltage capacity. However, there is no current supply as the component is in an electric field(in air), and not connected to a power source. Will the component be damaged?
Note that the electric field is strong enough to exceed components voltage rating but not high enough to cause dielectric breakdown of air or semiconductor material.