What is the type of and principle of operation of the fitting connector circled in this photo:
There are a few other similar joints depicted.
It looks like this connector is tightened "circumferentially" as a hoop, possibly / probably over the top of the mating flanges of the two fittings. So that makes the fitting ends universal but its not obvious how it would provide reaction against the pressure at the joint.
(Contrast to the bolted flanges just below the circled area - its more obvious that they press the fittings together, maybe with a gasket, which would resist internal pressure forcing the joint apart).
Note: photo snippet from What is this plumbing apparatus?