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By this I mean can any DC to AC variable frequency drives invert digitally (no moving parts) and if so how do these work? Is this possible for both sine and square wave inverters?

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  • $\begingroup$ Variable frequency drives you mean? $\endgroup$ May 29 '17 at 8:03
  • $\begingroup$ @ratchetfreak I think that is what I was trying to describe thank you. But do these produce the changes digitally? $\endgroup$
    – SRawes
    May 29 '17 at 13:07
  • $\begingroup$ I'm not sure if they are "digital" (i.e. 1's and 0's), but they seem to be purely electrical without real moving parts. The wikipedia page at least implies the controllers are steady state (I'm not sure how much of the circuitry it applies to). $\endgroup$
    – JMac
    May 29 '17 at 13:18
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This question is rather confused, but I'll take it as "Can AC power be produced from DC power without mechanically moving parts".

Of course. That's what devices called "inverters" do. Most inverters are designed to work at a single frequency, but they certainly don't have to be.

Think of class D amplifiers as examples. Clearly they can produce a wide range of frequencies. In the case of amplifiers, the frequencies they put out are the frequencies in a small control signal. However, that control signal could just as well be produced internally if you have a way of describing it, like a sine of a particular frequency.

There is not much difference between a class D amplifier and a modern sine wave inverter (except for resonant design, beyond the scope of this answer). In the case of the inverter, the control signal is generated internally, but the power output electronics are quite similar.

Another obvious existence proof of such things are uninterruptable power supplies (UPSs). When the input power goes away, the power source is the internal battery. That is inherently DC, yet the output power is AC at a regulated frequency and amplitude.

In ye olde days, this kind of conversion was done with motor-generators. There is still a niche for those today, although that niche is small and getting smaller as power electronics advance.

Even utility-scale DC to AC conversion is done with solid state electronics nowadays. For example, here is a picture from Google Earth of such a plant in Ayer Massachusetts:

DC power lines from dams nearly 1000 miles away in northern Quebec come in at top left. The big square site at lower right converts that to AC at 60 Hz, and feeds it onto the large AC power lines shown horizontally at the bottom.

Transforming that much power at such high voltages and currents takes a large facility, but it is ultimately done with semiconductors.

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