The field of human anatomy seems to have standardized on a number of useful terms to unambiguously describe the human body. For example the three planes and axes as well as various directions seem to be unambiguously defined and those definitions universally accepted. Those terms also seem indispensable for clear verbal and written communication.
If I were using the anatomical terms, I'd be able to refer to the plane made by the side of a book case as a sagittal plane, and refer to a dimension measured from left to right as measured along the frontal axis.
Are there corresponding standardized terms in mechanical or structural engineering that refer to axes, planes, and directions?
If not, how are such axes, planes, and directions customarily communicated verbally and in writing?