Hi there, When I was very little I came up with this idea for a power station and I recently remembered it and was curious about the viability. The way it works theoretically is that a voltage supply is temporarily provided to an electric motor to get it spinning up to speed. The motor has a magnet on its armature that spins in a coil to generate electricity, this will generate output electricity. This output is taken from the generator and split, some will go as an output from the power station and some will be fed back in to the system. The portion that is fed back runs through a rectifier to convert it from ac to dc voltage and then through a dc amplifier to get it up to whatever the voltage supply to the motor initially was. The output of the amplifier then becomes the new power supply for the motor as the temporary voltage supply is cut off using a switch. This could potentially leave the system self sufficient. I understand that a small amount of electricity would still have to be used to power the amplifier and it won't be greatly efficient but it was just an idea that I had when I was little. I highly doubt this design will work but if anyone could explain to me why or provide improvements to the design then I would be very grateful.
For pretty fundamental physical reasons any power generator is only a way of converting one sort of energy to another ie converting the energy you have available to the sort of energy that you want. For example :
- Chemical energy to mechanical power eg an internal combustion engine
- Mechanical power to electrical power eg a generator
- Chemical energy to electrical power eg a battery
- Electromagnetic radiation to electrical power eg a solar panel
Even for sustainable energy sources you still need an ultimate energy source (in many cases this ends up being the sun).
What you can never do is get more energy out than goes in to the system. Again there are fundamental and well proven general reasons why this is the case and finding a 'loophole' in these basic laws of nature, while technically not entirely incredible, would require extraordinary evidence to be credible.
In fact these conversion processes will always waste some energy and even if you can make a system with very tiny losses any energy you take out needs to be replace otherwise you are just storing energy not generating it. For it is certainly possible to design a flywheel with very few frictional losses eg by using magnetic bearings and running it in a vacuum and this may indeed be a useful way to store energy but you can still get out no more than you put in.
In this particular case the thing you are missing is that an amplifier doesn't multiply electrical power, essentially it allows a low powered signal to switch/modulate a high powered output but you still need to put in as least as much power as you get out.