We can try to answer this question by looking at existing equipment in terms of size and weight and make an educated guess from there if all this fits on a train. Our CC will consist of:
- Gas turbine
- Exhaust HX/Boiler
- Steam turbine with condensor and other aux. parts
For the following, I will not match components exactly, but pick stuff that sits in the right power range, just to get a feel if the parts could fit into the design envelope given above.
You give 4500hp, that's a bit more than 3MW. Looking at wikipedia, the gas turbine is typically twice the power of the steam turbine. Soe we look for a 2MW gas turbine and a 1MW steam plant.
What are some turbine around 2MW?
- Kawasaki has one at 1.7 MW, it seems the 'naked' turbine fits into a 6.5m container + there's another one stacked on top for air vents. No mass given, does not seem to include exhaust HX.
- This 2MW Opra engine again fits into a 6.5 m container (without air supply), the naked engine and weighs maybe 13.5 t.
For the following, I'll take the stats of the Kawasaki engine and assume the weight of the Opra engine is not too far off.
Electrical Power 1.690 kW
Fuel input 6.360 kW
Efficiency 26,9 %
Exhaust gas mass flow 8,00 kg/s
Exhaust gas temperature 521 °C
If we take the Kawasaki engine ebove, we have about 480kg/min exhaust gas. Looking at this table of exhaust HX, we would need 7 of the largest, each about 600kg and length x diameter 2.6 x 0.7 m. Roundabouts. At up to 700kW heat recovery each, we should get north of the 2MW worth of steam we need for our steam turbine.
Siemens has one that covers the 800kW-6MW range. Without condensor it fits into a LxWxH evelope of 1.5 x 2.5 x 2.5 m. No weight is given, I guess a few tons.
We need to shed about 1MW of heat for our 1MW steam engine. Let's take some measurements from this product sheet from Güntner. Note that these a condensors for refridgerant. I guess the bottleneck is rather the airflow and the heat transfer towards air, then these should be ok.
The largest have a nominal capacity of 500kW, weigh 2t and are about LxWxH 10x1.2x1.7 m. Two of those side by side.
My guess is that an electrical trasnmission would be used, then you'd have to add a 3MW motor and a 1MW and 2MW alternator. Because by now I'm lazy I'd say that these add maybe 2-3 m to our 'length budget'.
We don't seem to really reach the mass budget of 100t (which seems way large for just the engine, OTOH).
Our train could look like, from from to back:
- 6m length dedicted to air intake, filters etc.
- 6.5 m for the gas turbine (13t)
- 3m for a stack of HX (3.5t)
- 3 m for the steam engine (3t?)
- 10m for the condensors (4t)
- 2-3 m for alternators and motor (10t?)
For a total of 31m. This is larger than the size envelope given by in the OP, but not by much. So my conclusion is: You can fit 3MW worth of combined cycle plant on a train car.
There's lots of room to improve the whole thing at the HX and condensors, OTOH we need to fit large electrical systems on the train. In summary I believe you could build a combined cycle powered train & you would not have to invent too many components to do it.