I've been thinking about hybrid drivetrains. One thing that is bugging me is operation when one motor is off while the other is on. In a scenario in which the motors are connected with all the rotors on the same axis, I can easily see how the velocities would add up. But if one motor was turned off, wouldn't the motor just cause the other one to spin in reverse and not put out much power to the shaft (assuming there is a large load on the shaft)? The whole equal and opposite thing. If the load is much bigger than the drag of the motor running now backward, then all your effort would be going into spinning the off motor backward.

If the motors were hooked up in parallel through some gear and one was turned off, I can see how the power output would be decreased by at least half. The single motor that is on is losing power because of back EMF from the off motor.

Is the only way to overcome this is through some sort of clutch? Thanks!

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  • $\begingroup$ Added a picture to better illustrate the 2 scenarios $\endgroup$ – SP00N Nov 6 '16 at 17:21
  • $\begingroup$ Oh. That makes my answer completely irrelevant. Have fun connecting power to Motor 2... $\endgroup$ – Brian Drummond Nov 6 '16 at 17:56
  • $\begingroup$ i assume you know your diagrams dont reflect the configuration of either serial or parallel as regards current gas-electric hybrids $\endgroup$ – agentp Nov 8 '16 at 4:04

It depends on the type of motor and how they are wired but as a first approximation a motor that's not being driven electrically will act like a generator.

If there is no electrical connection to that motor then it can spin relativity freely and won't put much additional load onto the system. If however there is a heavy electrical load attached to the motor (e.g. a short circuit) then the motor will become hard to turn. By varying how much power you try to pull from the motor you can effect how well the motor acts as a brake. By changing the connections to the motors the car can vary to behavior of each motor as needed for the current conditions.

That said I would expect a car to include a clutch system to disengage any motor that isn't currently needed. Spinning a disconnected motor may not take much power but it will take some and there is no point in throwing away battery range for no reason.

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