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Introduction

I have a file with .rpt extension from ABAQUS which is output of a model. This .rpt contains stresses of elements and displacements of nodes in plane text format. There is an item with this file which i was not able to find in ABAQUS manual fluently. I wanted to find out stresses in this . this is original model and it is completely with STRI3 element. Original Abaqus Model

This is a section of output file:

.rpt file content

This does give S11, S22 (normals) and S12 (shear) stresses in defined location. I believe each element does have 3 points which for integration are used. These points are also known as "Integration Points". In the text file above it seems each element does have 3 integration points.

Actual Question

What are exact location of integration points of an STRI3 element, if this STRI3 element does have 3 nodes: N1, N2, N3 with known coordinates (X1,Y1,Z1), (X2,Y2,Z2), (X3,Y3,Z3).

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The STRI3 element is a shell element has 3 integration points according to the ABAQUS manual.

STRI3 Element in ABAQUS

Forget 3D coordinates (global X,Y,Z) for the moment. Just think of the shell's local 2D coordinate system in x,y. Take the isoparametric representation of any triangle as having coordinates (0,0), (1,0) and (0,1) as shown below:

IsoP Triangle Element

The integration points in ($\xi$, $\eta$) coordinates for this element are: $$A = (\frac{1}{6}, \frac{1}{6})$$ $$B = (\frac{2}{3}, \frac{1}{6})$$ $$C = (\frac{1}{6}, \frac{2}{3})$$

In your I-beam example you have provided it is probably fairly simple as they all look like right-triangles and match the same shape as isoparametric representation of the triangle. The integration points are 1/6 or 2/3 along the base/height depending on which integration point you're looking at. So you probably wouldn't need to worry about shape functions.


If your triangles were not simple right-triangles and lied anywhere in space then you would need to do the following...

We can relate the ($\xi$, $\eta$) coordinate system to the ($x$, $y$) coordinate system with these shape functions: $$N_1 = 1 - \xi -\eta$$ $$N_2 = \xi$$ $$N_3 = \eta$$

At integration point A we have $\xi = 1/6$ and $\eta = 1/6$. Therefore: $$N_1 = 2/3$$ $$N_2 = 1/6$$ $$N_3 = 1/6$$

So if our triangle had ($x$, $y$) vertices of $(0,0)$, $(3,2)$ and $(1,3)$ then the coordinates of A are: $$ x_A = \sum N_ix_i = N_1x_1 + N_2x_2 + N_3x_3 = \frac{2}{3}(0) + \frac{1}{6}(3) + \frac{1}{6}(1) = \frac{2}{3}$$ $$ y_A = \sum N_iy_i = N_1y_1 + N_2y_2 + N_3y_3 = \frac{2}{3}(0) + \frac{1}{6}(2) + \frac{1}{6}(3) = \frac{5}{6}$$

enter image description here

I have very cruedly drawn this example above and you can see that the point coordinates $(2/3,5/6)$ match the position for A in the diagram quite well.

You can repeat this for B and C. Then you would have the coordinates of A, B and C, which are the integration points in the shell's local coordinate system. Then you would have to use a transformation matrix based on the shell's vertices to convert those local x,y coordinates to the global 3D coordinate system in X,Y,Z.

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